The ALR is a provincial land-use zone where agriculture is the priority use. The ALR comprises just 5% of BC’s total land base and is the area with the greatest agricultural capacity. As a finite and valuable resource, the province has decided to protect this land.
The Agricultural Land Reserve Use Regulation B.C. Reg 30/2019 identifies uses of ALR land. ALR land owners who wish to pursue other uses or to subdivide their property must make an application under the Agricultural Land Commission Act (the "ALC Act") and secure approval from the ALC. The Agricultural Land Reserve General Regulation B.C. Reg 171/2002 sets out application procedures.
Agricultural Activities in the ALR
Common farming and ranching activities in the ALR include, but are not limited to:
|Raising livestock (cattle, bison, sheep, goats, hogs, horses)||Berries|
|Livestock grazing||Tree Fruits|
|Poultry production (chicken, turkeys, waterfowl)||Vegetables (field, greenhouse)|
|Apiculture||Grains and oilseeds|
|Grapes||Ornamentals (floriculture, horticultural, nursery crops)|
Agricultural Land Reserve Use Regulation
Below is a partial list of permitted activities in the ALR. Land use activities permitted in the ALR Regulation do not require an application or approval of the ALC if the use complies with any conditions or parameters set out in the ALR Use Regulation. For more detailed information, please refer to the ALR Use Regulation and the Index of ALC Policies.
Farm Uses - Part 2 of the ALR Use Regulation
Permitted farm uses are uses in addition to regular farming/ranching as noted above. These uses are for the most part directly linked to agriculture. Permitted farm uses can be restricted but not prohibited by local government. Many of the permitted farm uses are subject to conditions, thresholds, or other requirements. Examples of permitted farm uses include:
|Wineries & Cideries||Farm retail sales|
|Storage, packing & processing of farm products||Temporary or seasonal agri-tourism activities|
|Timber production, harvesting and silviculture||Agroforestry|
|Equestrian facilities||Production of compost with conditions|
|Application of soil amendments||Land development works for farm purposes|
Permitted non-farm uses are uses that may or may not be linked directly to agriculture and are considered compatible with agriculture and have low impacts on the land base. Some permitted non-farm uses can be prohibited by local governments. Many of the permitted non-farm uses are subject to conditions, thresholds, or other requirements. Examples of permitted uses include:
|Home based business||Aggregate extraction less than 500 m3|
|Temporary sawmill subject to conditions||Conservation & passive recreation & open land parks|
|Pet kennels and breeding facilities||Education & research (not schools)|
|Production, storage and application of Class A compost||Force mains, trunk sewers, gas and water pipelines within an existing right of way|
|Production & development of biological products used in integrated pest management|